Eye doctors in Washington DC see many patients with concurrent illnesses that affect their eyes and vision. Your eye is a complex machine controlled by the brain and comprised of muscles, fluids and proteins. If any one of these is affected, your eyes and sight can suffer as a result. If you have a condition such as diabetes, for example, you may also suffer from what is known as a concomitant (consequent) eye illness, such as diabetic retinopathy, which will require treatment from an expert eye doctor in Washington DC.
Allergies and asthma:
Many eye disorders stem from asthma and seasonal allergies, and, while allergies cannot be cured, they can be managed with the help of a knowledgeable Washington DC allergist. Allergy related illnesses that affect your sight include:
- atopic dermatitis
- atopic eczema
- hay fever
- vernal conjunctivitis
Other vision and eye disorders may be more severe, and can be rooted in autoimmune diseases, cardiovascular disease, and nutritional/gastrointestinal disorders, to name a few.
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness among adults ages 20 to 74. Eye disorders stemming from diabetes include:
- diabetic retinopathy- Changes in the retina due to diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy affects the blood vessels around the eyes, causing them to leak and cloud one’s vision. This often leads to macular edema (retinal swelling). Diabetic retinopathy may be nonproliferative or become proliferative when new blood vessels develop, which may scar and detach the retina.
- macular edema- retinal swelling, usually caused by diabetic retinopathy,
- glaucoma- improper draining and buildup of fluid in the eye. Medications and surgeries are available for managing glaucoma, and early detection is best in managing this condition. We recommend visiting a Washington DC eye doctor for annual screenings, especially if you are diabetic.
High blood pressure can put strain on the eye’s blood vessels and optic nerve. Blood pressure increases may cause vessels to bleed or constrict, and may cause swelling of the optic nerve. These vision problems are known as hypertensive retinopathy, and your Washington DC eye doctor is likely to recommend you to a hypertension specialist if, upon examination, you show abnormalities around the eye’s blood vessels. Furthermore, high blood pressure can lead to stroke, which can damage your brain’s ability to process visual images.
These are only a few of the disorders that may affect your vision. Many of these illnesses may not show signs or symptoms for quite some period. It is therefore essential that you consult with your Washington DC eye doctor on a regular basis, as your doctor may discover indications of a more pressing health issue. Contact our Washington DC eye doctors for an appointment today.